Located in the Southern Africa sub-region, Zambia is a landlocked country covering an area of 752,614 sq km of which 11,890 sq km is covered by water.
The country is bordered by Tanzania (in the north), Malawi (in the east), Mozambique (in the south-east), Zimbabwe (in the south), Botswana and Namibia (in the South West), Angola (in the west) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (in the north-west).
Zambia has a pleasant tropical climate that is characterized by humid subtropical or tropical wet and dry conditions, wih small stretches of semi-arid climate in the south-west and along the Zambezi Valley.
The seasonal variations in temperature and rainfall are wide with the the month of October being the hottest.
There are three main seasons;
LUSAKA - SISTER CITY RELATIONSHIP
Zambia is a multi-party democracy country with a distinct separation of powers between the three arms of Government; legislature (Parliament), executive (Cabinet) and judiciary (Courts of Law).
The President (who must belong to a political party) and Members of Parliament are elected by the people. The President appoints Cabinet Ministers from the elected and nominated members of parliament.
The Parliament, headed by the Speaker of the National Assembly, comprises 150 elected members and up to 8 members nominated by the President. The Supreme Court is the highest Court of Appeal and is headed by the Chief Justice.
The country's economy has historically been based on the Copper Mining Industry. However, the Zambian Government is undertaking economic diversification to reduce the country's reliance on the Copper Industry and exploit other components of Zambia's rich resource base by promoting Agriculture, Tourism, Gemstone Mining and Hydro Power generation.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The economy registered a real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 7.3% in 2012 from the previous year's figure of 6.8%.
The main contributors to GDP in 2012 were;
Major Imports and Exports
Copper and Cobalt are the major traditional export products but the country also has a range of exportable products in the non traditional category, and these include;
The Country's major imports include;